Asam dan Oksida Asam

Asam

ASAM

 

\(\ce{OKSIDA ASAM + H2O -> ASAM}\)

 

 

Oksida Asam + \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) Asam
\(\ce{CO2}\)

Karbon dioksida

+ \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{H2CO3}\)

Asam karbonat

Asam karbonat (IV)

\(\ce{SO2}\)

Belerang dioksida

+ \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{H2SO3}\)

Asam sulfit

Asam sulfat (IV)

\(\ce{SO3}\)

Belerang dioksida

+ \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{H2SO4}\)

Asam sulfat

Asam sulfat (VI)

\(\ce{N2O3}\)

Dinitrogen trioksida

+ \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HNO2}\)

Asam nitrit

Asam nitrat (III)

\(\ce{N2O5}\)

Dinitrogen pentaoksida

+ \(\ce{H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HNO3}\)

Asam nitrat

Asam nitrat (V)

\(\ce{P2O3}\)

Difosfor trioksida

+ \(\ce{3 H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 H3PO3}\)

Asam fosfit

Asam fosfat (III)

\(\ce{P2O5}\)

Difosfor pentaoksida

+ \(\ce{3 H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 H3PO4}\)

Asam fosfat (V)

\(\ce{As2O3}\)

Diarsen trioksida

+ \(\ce{3 H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 H3AsO3}\)

Asam arsenit

Asam arsenat (III)

\(\ce{As2O5}\)

Diarsen pentaoksida

+ \(\ce{3 H2O}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 H3AsO4}\)

Asam arsenat

Asam arsenat (V)

 

Catatan:

Khusus oksida boron (B), fosfor (P), arsen (As) dan antimon (Sb), ditambahkan 3 molekul \(\ce{H2O}\)

Pembentukan asam lainnya

Sulfur dan Halogen + \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) Asam
\(\ce{S}\)

Sulfur

+ \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{H2S}\)

Asam sulfida

\(\ce{F2}\)

Belerang dioksida

+ \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HF}\)

Asam fluorida

\(\ce{Cl2}\)

Belerang dioksida

+ \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HCl}\)

Asam klorida

\(\ce{Br2}\)

Dinitrogen trioksida

+ \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HBr}\)

Asam bromida

\(\ce{I2}\)

Dinitrogen pentaoksida

+ \(\ce{H2}\) \(\ce{->}\) \(\ce{2 HI}\)

Asam iodida

Asam Karboksilat

Rumus Kimia Nama Senyawa
\(\ce{CHOOH}\) Asam formiat (asam semut)
\(\ce{CH3COOH}\) Asam asetat (asam cuka)
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